A macular hole (MH) is a break in the retina commonly involving the fovea (area responsible for central vision)
What are the causes?
Idiopathic (unknown cause)
High myopia (very nearsighted)
Who is at risk?
Risk factors include age, female gender, and myopia
What are the symptoms?
Distortion of the central vision
Central visual loss
What are the treatments?
Milder/earlier stages of macular hole may be treated with an in-office injection of a medicine or gas
Most cases require surgical management
What is the prognosis?
It depends on how large and how long the hole has been present.