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Macular Hole

Macular Hole

A macular hole (MH) is a break in the retina commonly involving the fovea (area responsible for central vision)

  • What are the causes?

    • Idiopathic (unknown cause)

    • Trauma

    • Ocular inflammation

    • High myopia (very nearsighted) 

  • Who is at risk?​

    • ​Risk factors include age, female gender, and myopia 

  • What are the symptoms?​

    • Distortion of the central vision

    • Central visual loss​

  • What are the treatments?​

    • Milder/earlier stages of macular hole may be treated with an in-office injection of a medicine or gas​​

    • Most cases require surgical management 

  • What is the prognosis?​

    • It depends on how large and how long the hole has been present.​

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